Landscaping terms and definitions

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  • Landscape Terminology: What You Need to Know
  • Landscaping Terminology
  • landscaping
  • Follow Proper Pruning Techniques
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  • Landscape Terms & Definitions
  • ‘Landscape approach’ defies simple definition — and that’s good
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Landscape Terminology: What You Need to Know

We have gathered the definitions of common lawn care terms, from abaxial to Zoysia. And we promise that this glossary will be more interesting than watching grass grow.

This side of the leaf is responsible for the exchange of gases, such as the absorption of carbon dioxide from the environment and the release of oxygen from photosynthesis. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 marking neutral. Soil with a pH greater than 7 is known as alkaline soil. Soil pH influences the availability of essential plant nutrients, including those added through fertilizers. Optimal pH varies by plant type. Most grass varieties prefer slightly acidic soil, with a pH reading of 6.

Adaxial The adaxial surface of a leaf or grass blade is the upper surface, which faces toward the axis or stem of the plant.

This chlorophyll-rich upper leaf surface is responsible for capturing light needed for photosynthesis. Aeration Properly timed, aeration relieves compacted soil and encourages healthy grass growth.Essentially putting holes in your turf, aeration creates pathways that allow vital air, water and nutrients to penetrate thatch and compaction to reach grass roots.

How often you aerate depends on the health of the lawn and how heavily it is used, but most lawns benefit from annual aeration. Agrostology Agrostology is the branch of botany concerned with the study of grasses, especially their classification. Its opposite is acidic soil, which has a pH of less than 7. Soil pH ranges from 0 to 14, and most plants like soil somewhere near the neutral mark of 7.

Alkaline soil is good for some plants and bad for others. Most grass varieties prefer slightly acidic soil. Amendment Soil amendments are added to or incorporated into soil to correct deficiencies and enhance its potential to support healthy plants.

Amendments such as lime affect pH and nutrient availability. Other amendments, such as organic matter, improve soil structure and deliver nutrients. Anaerobic Anaerobic means lacking in oxygen.

A soil structure that is anaerobic, typically due to poor drainage or soil compaction, will cause grasses and other plants to suffocate and eventually die. Aeration can help relieve soil compaction and improve air and water movement through anaerobic soil. Annual grasses Annual grasses naturally complete their life cycle in one year and then die, regardless of the growing zone. Annual grasses such as fast-rooting annual ryegrass are often used to stabilize and provide fast color to newly seeded lawns while slower-germinating perennial grasses take root.

Bahiagrass This perennial, warm-season grass species is native to South America. Used extensively for agriculture, erosion and conservation programs, it is used as a lawn grass in areas of the Deep South, Gulf Coast and Southern California due to its tolerance for heat and drought.

It likes full sunlight and low pH soils and spreads by short, stout, above-ground stems known as stolons.Easily recognizable when allowed to flower, it produces slender spikelets topped by V-shaped racemes. Bentgrass The carpet-like areas created by bentgrass have made it ideal for golf course greens in cool-season climates, but it is also sold as seed or sod for lawns.

It spreads by above-ground runners stolons. The three most common types are creeping, velvet and colonial, with creeping bent the most widely used for lawns and putting greens. Bermudagrass A leading grass for Southern lawns, Bermudagrass is a tropical native that requires full sunlight and well-drained soil.

It has the fastest growth rate of any common warm-season lawn grass and spreads by both rhizomes and stolons. It is valued for outstanding tolerance to heat, drought, salt and humidity. Biorational Pest controls vary in their environmental impact and toxicity to people and other organisms.

Biorationals include plant-derived pesticides, such as neem oil, as well as bacteria-derived pesticides such as Bacillus thuringiensis Bt. Praised for its rich green color, KBG thrives in full sun. Broadcast spreader A broadcast or rotary spreader applies fertilizer, pesticide or seed in an imprecise, fanlike pattern over a broad area.

In contrast, a drop spreader drops the substance straight down instead of scattering it, resulting in a precise application over a smaller area. Brown patch Brown patch is a common summer lawn disease caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani. It is treated with fungicide, but best prevented by good lawn management practices.

Buffalograss This warm-season, cold-hardy grass is native to North American prairies and savannahs. Named for the buffalo that once fed on it, it has become popular as a low-maintenance, natural lawn grass. Buffalograss naturally grows around 6 inches tall. It spreads by above-ground stems known as stolons. Male and female flowers typically, but not always, occur on separate plants.

Bunching grasses Bunching grasses grow in clumps and spread by vertical shoots known as tillers, which grow from the crown of the plant. Unlike aggressive creeping grasses, they rarely have thatch problems. Common bunching lawn grasses include tall fescue and perennial ryegrass. Calcitic limestone Calcitic limestone is a type of pulverized limestone often applied to overly acidic lawns to raise soil pH and restore nutrient availability.

Normal lawn care naturally lowers soil pH over time, but applying lime unnecessarily can harm grass instead of help. The only way to know for certain if your lawn or garden needs lime is by soil testing. Calcitic limestone contains calcium, but not magnesium — unlike dolomitic limestone, which contains both. Carpetgrass Carpetgrass is native to the Gulf Coast and tropics. Best adapted to the lower Southern states, this low-maintenance, warm-season grass creates a thick sod that crowds out weeds, tolerates dampness and shade, and covers slopes well.

It requires frequent mowing if you want a seedhead-free appearance. Centipedegrass Centipedegrass is a slow-growing, light-green, low-maintenance grass species that spreads by sending out above-ground runners stolons. A warm-season grass, it thrives in slightly acidic, sandy soil. Clippings Lawn clippings are the portion of the grass cut off by a mower. Traditional advice was to bag and remove the clippings, which typically ended up in landfills. Turfgrass researchers now believe that mulching clippings and leaving them to decompose and add nutrients to the soil is better for most lawns.

Due to environmental concerns, many states prohibit sending lawn clippings to landfills. Clover Varieties of clover, particularly white clover, were commonly sold in grass blends until after World War II, when chemical weed-killers were introduced that killed all broadleaf plants, including clover.The industry redefined clover as a weed, but it remains a key ingredient in seed mixes for erosion control.

In recent years, clover has made a comeback as a ground cover. Clumping An undesirable mass of grass clippings that results from mowing a wet lawn, a poorly kept lawnmower or a repetitive mowing pattern. Grass clippings are a natural source of nutrients, but too much in one place can smother the living grass beneath it or encourage disease.

Cool-season grass Cool-season grasses get their name because they experience their peak growth periods during cool spring and fall seasons. These include spreading grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass and bunching grasses such as tall fescue and perennial ryegrass. Cool-season grasses often go dormant during extreme heat and drought. Creeping grasses Grass types that spread by sending out horizontal stems are said to be creeping grasses.

These grasses spread by above-ground stems called stolons, below-ground stems called rhizomes, or both. Examples of creeping grasses include cool-season Kentucky bluegrass and warm-season Bermudagrass. Creeping grasses are more likely to have problematic thatch buildup than bunching grasses.

Crown The crown of a grass plant is the all-important, whitish base where above-ground shoots and below-ground roots meet. When the crown sustains damage from improper mowing, disease or pests, the plant may die. Culm The culm is the stem of a grass or sedge plant. In most grasses, the culm is hollow between the nodes. Grass cultivars may result from formal breeding programs or naturally occurring variations selected for some outstanding feature, such as drought tolerance, disease resistance, texture or color.

A well-kept lawn can add to curb appeal, so it can increase the value of a house. Desiccation The drying out of grass plants, which can damage or kill them, is called desiccation. It can occur in summer droughts or during dry winters, when grasses dry out in the cold and wind.Improper mowing can increase desiccation, especially during times of environmental stress.

Dethatcher A dethatcher is a tool used to remove thatch, the layer of organic matter that accumulates where grass meets soil. Dethatchers come in manual, electric and gas-powered models that remove thatch in a variety of ways. Dethatching Dethatching is the process of removing thatch from a lawn. Typically, only spreading grasses need dethatching; bunch-forming grasses do not. Proper timing is crucial for all dethatching projects.

Dichondra Dichondra is a dense, warm-season, perennial ground cover. It propagates from seed and spreads by runners. Mowing is optional. Dichondra does well in full sunlight and partial shade. It can be difficult to establish, but very low maintenance once mature.

Dollar spot Dollar spot is a fungal lawn disease that, true to its name, appears as silver-dollar-sized spots on the grass. It can attack both warm-season and cool-season grasses. Dollar spot thrives from late spring to fall, and especially loves high humidity and temperatures in the low 80s.

Causes include mowing too low, lack of fertilizer, excess thatch and overwatering.

Landscaping Terminology

Adaptable as a Houseplant - This means the plant can be grown indoors at least through the winter, but likely all year. Annual - A plant that grows, flowers, produces seed all in one season, and then does not survive the winter. It must be planted each year. Many plants we call annual may be perennial in warmer locations. When ready for sale they are dug, wrapped in burlap and then sold.

Here are some definitions and yard features to be aware of: Landscape Design. Arbor vienna: Arbors are a terrific presentation for an.


A all-aged stand - All, or almost all, age classes of trees represented. Biltmore stick - a tool calibrated to measure the diameter of a tree at breast height. Biltmore sticks are calibrated with different scales depending on the users' arm length.Biodiversity refers to diversity of genetics, species, ecosystems, and landscapes. Forest properties often are delineated by blazing trees along the boundary lines. A board foot is commonly 1 foot by 1 foot by 1 inch, but any shape containing cubic inches of wood equals one board foot. Clearcutting is used to aid species whose seedlings require full sunlight to grow well. One or more sides of a codominant tree are crowded by the crowns of dominant trees. Consulting foresters do not have direct connections with firms that buy wood products, but are retained by woodland owners as their agents.

Follow Proper Pruning Techniques

We have gathered the definitions of common lawn care terms, from abaxial to Zoysia. And we promise that this glossary will be more interesting than watching grass grow. This side of the leaf is responsible for the exchange of gases, such as the absorption of carbon dioxide from the environment and the release of oxygen from photosynthesis. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 marking neutral.

You may not be interested in getting a degree in Horticulture, which is the art and science of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants, but, if you are planning a new landscape design, knowing some key landscaping terms will take you a long way when you begin your journey. While there are literally thousands of different landscaping terms, most are used by the degreed horticulturist or the landscape professional when it comes to all the little details and nuances of landscape design, installation, and maintenance.

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A soil with a pH lower than 7. A specialized method of plant propagation accomplished by cutting into the bark of the plant to induce new roots to form. A soil with a pH higher than 7. A garden with a large collection of trees and shrubs cultivated for scientific or educational purposes. Plants mainly annuals , nursery grown and suitable for growing in beds. Quick, colorful flowers.

Landscape Terms & Definitions

From perennials to pollination and more, two gardening experts break down the meaning behind some popular gardening phrases and terms. Whether you're a seasoned green thumb or a plant rookie, understanding key garden terminology is crucial. So, what should you do when you can't decipher the meaning behind a common phrase? For starters, horticulturist Amy Enfield of Bonnie Plants recommends looking it up in a good gardening book—or when all else fails, try Google. Related: Smart Gardening Tips and Tricks. Before you can successfully grow any plant, Enfield says it's essential to understand its life cycle. Biennials do not flower the first year, but flower the second year, set seed, and then die.

A list of terms with definitions commonly used in gardening, agriculture, horticulture and seed industries, from the Research Team at Johnny's Selected.

‘Landscape approach’ defies simple definition — and that’s good

Reason: To ensure a satisfactory standard of appearance of the development in the interests of the visual amenities of the area and having regard to Policy GR5 Landscaping and New Development. Reason: Landscaping is considered essential in order to preserve and enhance the visual amenities of the locality. Landscaping condition, requiring the submission of hard and soft landscaping.

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RELATED VIDEO: Land Development 101 - Introduction Video #9 (Landscaping)

This tool helps you find words that are related to a specific word or phrase. Also check out ReverseDictionary. Click words for definitions. Our algorithm is scanning multiple databases for related words. Please be patient! Below is a list of words related to another word.

Landscaping is a field that is as diverse as a landscape itself. It encompasses many sub-fields, including landscape design, botany, soil science, plant care arboriculture, etc.

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'landscape gardener. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year. Accessed 23 Dec. More Definitions for landscape gardener. See the full definition for landscape gardener in the English Language Learners Dictionary.

A valve configured so its outlet is oriented 90 degrees away from its inlet. In irrigation, these valves are generally installed with the inlet at the bottom of the valve. A type of backflow preventer which seals off the atmospheric vent area when the system is pressurized. Should be installed downstream of a control valve in a location which is at least twelve inches higher than the highest point in the lateral which it serves.


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