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Last Updated on October 31,After your baby gets mobile, home becomes a wonderful place for him to explore. The garden or your shelves of indoor plants are especially fascinating places where children love to play around. Beware though! Some indoor plants you may have kept for ornamental or medicinal purposes may be dangerous for your babies. Sometimes, in-spite of your being vigilant, your baby might pluck a leaf or bud from a plant and put it into his mouth.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Indoor plants safe for your kids and pets! #nontoxicplants #safeplants #bostonfern #parlourpalmContent:
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Much of the scenic beauty of nature has been replaced by densely populated areas that sprawl for miles from urban centers. This visual pollution affects us all and leaves us with a longing for a closer connection with nature.
We spend about 90 percent of our time indoors. Interior plants are an ideal way to create attractive and restful settings while enhancing our sense of well being. In addition, houseplants can be a satisfying hobby and can help purify the air in our homes. Indoor plants not only convert carbon dioxide to oxygen, but they also trap and absorb many pollutants.
To be a successful indoor gardener, you need to understand how the interior environment affects plant growth and how cultivation differs from growing plants outdoors. Of all of the factors affecting plant growth in interiors, adequate light is by far the most important.Light is needed for plants to produce food and survive — generally, the more light available, the more food produced for growth.
Light is measured in units called foot candles. One footcandle ft-c is the amount of light cast by a candle on a white surface 1 foot away in a completely dark room. Outdoors, the light levels on a bright day range from 10, ft-c in an open sunny area to ft-c or less in the shade of a large tree.
It is very helpful to have a general idea of how much light is present in a given location in your house. You can get a fairly good estimate with a handheld light meter, or you can use a 35 mm camera and do the following:. With the help of this table, you can obtain the light intensity reading from anywhere in your home. Using the light readings, your home can be divided into four areas, which have the following light levels for 8 hours per day:.
In your home, the amount of light in a given location is variable — it is affected by the presence of trees outdoors may shade at certain times , roof overhangs may shade at certain times , wall color reflectance , window curtains, day length, time of day, and time of year.
When shopping for indoor plants, select plants for a given location based on the approximate light levels in the spot. Increasing the number of hours of light exposure can also help—for example, 16 hours of light and 8 hours of dark.
This extends the number of hours during which plants receive light. Indoor plants are classified according to the amount of light needed for growth. A list of plants and their light requirements is provided in Table 3. Windows with eastern exposure within the home generally provide the best light and temperature conditions for most indoor plant growth because plants receive direct morning light from sunrise until nearly midday.
Footcandle readings at these windows can reach 5,, As the morning progresses, the direct sun recedes from the room.An eastern room is cooler than southern or western rooms because the house absorbs less radiant heat. Light from the east is cooler than that from the south or the west, and thus it causes less water loss from the plants. Windows with southern exposure give the largest variation of light and temperature conditions. The low winter sun shines across the room for most of the daylight hours.
In the summer, when the sun is farther north than it is in the winter, the sun rises at a sharp angle in the morning and is high in the sky by noon. Direct light comes into a south window only at midday. If there is a wide overhang covering the windows outside, the sun may not enter the room at all.
The sun at noon on a summer day may measure 10, ft-c. Indoors, however, a southern window with wide eaves on the outside will receive about the same amount of light as a window with northern exposure.
Southern and western exposures are interchangeable for most plants. In the winter, most plants, except those with definite preference for northern exposure, can be placed in a room with southern exposure.
Windows with northern exposure provide the least light and the lowest temperature. Because the United States is in the northern hemisphere, it receives most of its sunlight from the south. Out of the four exposures, the northern exposure receives the least light and heat year round.
Because of the low-light levels, maintaining healthy plants can be a challenge. A northern windowsill can measure light levels as low as ft-c on a clear winter day, which is optimal for some plants, such as the African violet.
This exposure is best for plants with green foliage because the coloration on variegated foliage tends to disappear under low-light conditions.
Although most plants grown indoors will not grow in a northern room, they may tolerate it for short periods of time. Seasons change the amount of natural light entering through windows.For example, the summer sun reaches a higher zenith compared to the winter sun Figure 2.
Therefore, sunlight penetrates farther into a room during winter. Temperature is the second most important factor influencing plant growth in interior environments. People feel comfortable in the range of 72 degrees F degrees F, and interior plants can tolerate and grow well in the 58 degrees F degrees F range because most indoor plants originate from tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Temperature and light are linked through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.
Photosynthesis builds sugars and starch, which are then broken down by respiration to provide energy for the development of new tissues growth and the maintenance of existing ones. High temperature speeds up respiration. If the plant is not producing sufficient sugars as under low light , then high temperatures may break down what little sugars are made, leaving little to none for growth.
Maintenance takes precedence over growth; therefore, under insufficient light, plants do not grow. If light is so low that sugars produced are insufficient for maintenance, the plant eventually dies.
When sugar levels are low, the plant takes nutrients and sugars from older leaves to maintain new leaves. To help plants in an indoor environment, two options are available: 1 raise light levels to increase photosynthesis and sugar production or 2 reduce night temperature to lower respiration rates and allow more sugars for growth. What temperatures are likely to occur in homes?
During the summer, air conditioning that may have been turned off at night or weekend thermostat settings that may have been raised result in higher than desirable night temperatures. During the winter, heating that may have been turned off at night or weekend thermostat settings that may have been lowered may result in lower night temperatures.Be especially careful not to allow temperatures to drop below 50 degrees F, or chill damage will result on some sensitive foliage plants e.
Plants vary in their minimum and maximum temperature requirements. Examples of cool-loving plants suitable for locations where temperatures drop to the low 50s at night and 60s during the day are Cyclamen, Wonder Plant, Fatshedera, Japanese Aralia, and Fatsia. A list of plants and their temperature requirements is provided in Table 3.
Not all interior plants have the same temperature requirements for optimal growth. Such temperatures are rarely allowed indoors. The best temperature range for indoor plants is 70 degrees F — 80 degrees F day and 65 degrees F — 70 degrees F night.
Relative humidity is the amount of moisture contained in the air. For interior plants, relative humidity below 20 percent is considered low, 40 percent — 50 percent is medium, and above 50 percent is high. Relative humidity is a very important factor, but it is easily overlooked. In a greenhouse, relative humidity is 50 percent or higher. Rapid transpiration and water loss may result when newly purchased plants are placed in the 10 percent — 20 percent relative humidity typical of most homes Figure 3.
Most indoor plants come from the tropics where high relative humidity is common. Therefore, take the following steps to help your plants adjust to the low relative humidity in your home. Learning to water is one of the most important skills in plant care. Applying too much water can suffocate plant roots and too little water causes growth to become erratic and stunted. Watering frequency will depend on the conditions under which the plants are growing.
When dealing with how much water to apply, consider the following:. Improper watering causes many problems. Containers with saucers may cause an excessive build-up of soluble salts from the applied fertilizer. High levels of soluble salts can cause damage to plant roots and a decline in growth.
Discard any water that had drained in the saucer after irrigation, and apply large quantities of water to the soil to leach the accumulated soluble salts. In deciding when you should water, feel the soil by pushing a finger an inch or so below the surface. If the soil is still moist, no further water is needed.
Water devices or water meters are also available to simplify watering. Alleviate this problem by letting the water stand for several days — so that some chlorine and fluorine will be released from it — before applying the water to the plants. Move susceptible plants away from the edge of the pool to prevent water splashes from reaching the foliage. Do not use susceptible plants around enclosed pools.
In general, plants with long linear leaves such as the Spider Plant are more susceptible to fluorine. Many indoor gardeners have the same problem with fertilizer that they have with water — they want to give their plants too much.
Danger from over-fertilization occurs because any fertilizer used, whether in liquid, powder, or tablet form, will dissolve in soil water and will form salts in the water.
A newly purchased, healthy plant rarely needs an immediate application of fertilizer. In most cases, the amount of fertilizer applied by the commercial producer will supply enough nutrients for two to three months in the home. This rule is flexible — if deficiency symptoms are evident, fertilizer application is desirable. The secret to fertilizing plants indoors is to apply small amounts of fertilizer as the plant grows. Without new growth, the plant has a limited need for more fertilizer.
During the summer when light levels increase and the plant is actively growing, its need for fertilizer increases.
As a starting point, use about one-fourth the label rate for monthly applications. If the overall plant color becomes lighter green, fertilize every two weeks.If the new growth is dark green but the leaves are small and internodes seem longer than on the older growth, decrease the fertilizer rate.
By Camille Dubuis-Welch published 25 AprilA happy home is one that not only feels cozy and looks gorgeous, but it's one that you know is safe for everyone in it — pets included. Thankfully, there are many exotic looking, pet-friendly house plants out there to keep both your home's aesthetic and your pets happy. Air-purifying and mood-boosting, much like cats and dogs, the best house plants add life to our home offices, bedrooms, kitchens and to pretty much every space in the house. But, if you're unknowingly keeping unsafe plants for your pets around, and if they like all pets love chewing and brushing up on them, you could run into trouble.
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We've put together a list of our top 10 most popular pet friendly indoor plants, so you don't have to worry about your furry friend suffering from tummy aches and digestive problems by snacking on your prized plant family. Plant RecommendationsWhile house plants bring homes to life and purify the air in the process, some indoor plants are toxic to animals and children if ingested. Here are our top 10 recommendations for pet safe plants. Top 10 Pet Friendly Indoor Plants. Choose pet-safe plants for peace of mind when you leave your furry friends to their own devices at home! Calathea Pinstripe Become a Calathea Collector. With a variety of colours, shapes and sizes to choose from Calatheas are a great choice for pet-parents. Kentia Palm Looking for a tropical statement plant? The Kentia Palm is perfect for you.
Aside from Instagram plantfluencers making plants pretty popular these days, indoor plants are a great way to invite nature indoors. For starters, they are aesthetically pleasing and make any space feel more homely. Indoor plants also purify the air and minimize stress , which, if you have toddlers around, it's nice to be surrounded by many. But the challenge is: how do you enjoy beautiful plants in your home while making sure the little people in your life don't destroy them and get hurt?
Kids and pets alike seem drawn to grabbing and tasting houseplants.
When it comes to decorating our home, adding plants is a beautiful way to incorporate color and life in an otherwise boxy space. Different kinds of plants can also purify your air, and some believe they can get rid of negative energy. For many families living in cramped spaces with no yard or porch of their own, having plants around their homes is a way of bringing the outdoors in. However, not every plant is created equal. If you are bringing home a newborn or have young family members who are constantly crawling around your home, it's smart to look into which indoor plants are safe for both pets and kids. Surprisingly, some can be toxic if ingested.
But, finding the right baby nursery plants and ensuring everything in the room is baby-safe can feel a little overwhelming. This post contains affiliate content. As an affiliate partner of various brands, we earn commissions on qualifying purchases, at no extra cost to you. Please read our disclaimer for more information. Certain types of plants are safe for babies, while others should be placed out of reach or out of the house altogether. Possibly the most popular houseplant, this non-toxic plant with its green and white striped leaves is safe for babies and animals. Spider plants also produce beautiful white star-like shaped flowers that give a little extra aesthetic appeal to the room.Decor Tip: Spider plants look best inside a hanging planter where it can flow over the edges.
may not necessarily be safe for humans. request of childcare workers who wanted guidance on plants indoor and patio pot plants, especially in warmer.
Locate our child care centers, preschools, and schools near you. Getting plants for your household is a great way to teach your child about caring for living things and how they grow. Be sure to choose plants that are safe for everyone — stay away from the mildly poisonous poinsettia and philodendron and the highly poisonous shamrock and dieffenbachia. When you bring your plants home, talk about why they need water, how much they need, and how often to give it to them.
Houseplants shouldn't just be limited to the living room. When it comes to kids' bedrooms , choose plants that 'have something quirky about them, even verging on the macabre,' Ian Drummond and Kara O'Reilly suggest in their book, At Home With Plants. And of course, 'choose varieties that can take a fair bit of neglect,' they advise. With this in mind, take a look at 12 plants ideal for children's spaces — bedroom, playroom or study room — in this extract from At Home With Plants. Common name: Barberton daisy.
Indoor plants can beautify your home, bring a bit of nature to your interior space, and purify the air.
A common concern for people interested in entering the houseplant hobby and it is an addicting hobby is finding plants that are safe for pets, especially cats and young children. Cats are notorious plant nibblers, and children are often curious about bright, beautiful new things that come into the home. Many houseplants are mildly toxic, such as ordinary greenhouse finds like Dieffenbachia or Dumb Cane.A few are incredibly poisonous and can significantly harm animals and humans, like the Euphorbia cactus family. Read on for a list of 50 beautiful, elegant plants that will add color and vitality to your home without putting your beloved family and pets at risk! Many cactuses are unsafe for children and pets due to toxins or the long, sharp spines that make cacti famous.
CommencesEndsWith many having air-purifying qualities and other health benefits as well, it makes sense to have some lush greenery in your home.