Vegetable garden planting guide zone 6



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Successful home gardening comes with careful planning and constant attention. Select the site carefully, plant at the correct time, use the right amount of fertilizer, use adapted varieties, and control pests. Select a site exposed to full sun. Too many gardeners try to grow vegetables in competition with trees, shade from buildings, or fences. The soil should be well drained and free of harmful chemicals, oil, ashes, mortar, etc. Soil Management.

Content:
  • Cooperative Extension: Garden & Yard
  • The Gardener’s Calendar: Plan Now for a Year-Round Harvest
  • Planting Chart Cheat Sheets
  • Cool vegetables
  • Zone 6 Planting Calendar Recipes
  • Zone 6 - Monthly Garden Calendar: Chores and Planting Guide
  • Summer succession planting basics: What to plant in July and August
  • Vegetables and Herbs to Plant in July
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Zone 6 Planting Guide

Cooperative Extension: Garden & Yard

When to plant. How early you can plant depends on the hardiness of the vegetables and the climate in your area. Certain vegetables can withstand frost while others cannot. In Table 3 vegetables are classified as hardy, half-hardy, tender, or very tender. This information along with the date of the average last 32 freeze in your area will help you to determine safe planting dates.

Planting by the moon is a favorite topic for discussion among many gardeners. There is no scientific evidence to support planting by the moon; planting studies have shown no relation between the different phases of the moon and good production of crops. How to plant.There are no magic tricks or difficult techniques in starting seeds or in setting plants. But there are some simple steps you should follow to insure success. Some vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, eggplant, pepper, sweet potato, and tomato, are usually started in the garden by means of transplants.

You can buy these plants or grow them yourself indoors. Follow these directions when setting plants into the garden:. University of Illinois Extension. Herb Gardening. Step 6 - Plant Your Vegetables Right Much of the success of your garden depends on when and how your vegetables are planted.

In starting seeds in the garden, follow these directions: Use disease-free seed. Mark out straight rows to make your garden attractive and to make cultivation, insect control, and harvesting easier. To mark a row, drive two stakes into the ground at either edge of the garden and draw a string taut between them. Shallow furrows, suitable for small seed, can be made by drawing a hoe handle along the line indicated by the string.

For deeper furrows, use a wheel hoe or the corner of the hoe blade. Use correct spacing between rows. Hill or drill the seed. Sweet corn, squash, melons, and cucumbers are often planted this way. Hilling allows easier control of weeds between the hills of plants.

Space seeds properly in the row. The number of seeds to sow per foot or hill is suggested in Table 2. Space the seeds uniformly. Small seeds sometimes can be handled better if they are mixed with dry, pulverized soil and then spread. Plant at proper depth. A general rule to follow is to place the seed at a depth about four times the diameter of the seed.

Cover small seeds such as carrots and lettuce with about to inch of soil. Place large seeds such as corn, beans, and peas 1 to 2 inches deep. In sandy soils or in dry weather, plant the seeds somewhat deeper.

Cover seeds and firm soil. Pack soil around the seeds by gently tamping the soil with your hands or an upright hoe.

This prevents rainwater from washing away the seeds. Thin to a desirable number of plants see Table 2 when they are young. Remove the weakest plants. Do not wait too long before thinning or injury will result from crowding.

Bean, bush, lima Very Tender May JuneBean, bush, snap Tender Apr. Beet Half-hardy Apr. Corn, sweet Tender May 1-July 9. Cucumber Very Tender May JuneMuskmelon Very tender May JuneNew Zealand spinach Tender Apr. Okra Very tender May JuneOnion, from seed Hardy Mar. Peas Half-hardy Apr. Radish, winter Half-hardy Aug. Squash, summer Very Tender May JuneHardy vegetables can be planted as soon as the ground can be prepared.

Half-hardy vegetables can be planted as early as 2 to 3 weeks before the average date of the last 32 freeze in the spring. Tender vegetables should be planted from the time of the last average 32 freeze to one week later. Very tender crops should be planted 2 to 3 weeks after the last average 32 freeze. See Fig. For southern Illinois March-June plantings can be made approximately 2 weeks earlier and July-September plantings 2 weeks later than for central Illinois. For northern Illinois March-June plantings should be about 2 weeks later and July-September plantings about 2 weeks earlier than for central Illinois.

Time required to grow plants from seed before setting in field. This period will vary depending on temperature and other conditions under which plants are grown. Use plants.

See page 20 for discussion on planting depths for plants. Throughout much of North America with the exception of the very hottest and coldest areas, garlic is best planted in the fall just as many of the hardy spring bulbs are.

As far as timing, it should be done before the soil freezes. In most areas this planting date is sometime in late September through October. Planting at this time allows the cloves to have a chance to root and grow a shoot to the soil surface in the fall.Then in the spring, growth commences immediately when the frost goes out of the soil allowing lush growth. If planting is delayed until spring planting should be done as early as possible March-April.

This will be dependent upon whether the soil can be properly prepared. A note about spring planted garlic. Garlic from spring plantings does not come close to making quality heads of garlic as a fall planting will.

Garlic planted in spring has to mature in the hotter, dryer conditions of summer thus lowering the quality quite a bit. Follow these directions when setting plants into the garden: Transplant if possible on a cloudy day or in the evening. Handle plants with care. About an hour before transplanting, thoroughly water plants and soil in the containers pots, bands, flats, etc.

Roots of plants in flats should be blocked out with a knife to get as much soil as possible with each root. Carefully remove plants without disturbing the roots.

Keep a ball of soil around the roots. Keep the roots moist at all times when they are out of the soil. Dig a hole large enough so that the transplanted plant sets at the same depth that was growing in the container. The only exception to this rule is if you have tall, spindly tomato plants. They can be set on an angle in a shallow trench. Cover the stem with soil roots will form along the stem.

Use starter solution to get plants off to a fast start. Mix an all-soluble fertilizer high in phosphorus e. When you transplant, place about 1 cup of the solution around the roots of each plant. Cover the roots with soil and firm the soil tightly around the plant.

Protect plants from heat, wind, or cold if necessary. Plant protectors sometimes called hot caps made of paper or plastic are available to lessen trouble from frost in the spring. Homemade devices can be made from baskets, boxes, or jars. Do not leave the protector over the plants longer than necessary.If it gets warm during the daytime, remove the protector or open it so that the plants receive ventilation.


The Gardener’s Calendar: Plan Now for a Year-Round Harvest

We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. On top of all that, working with soil and plants is an excellent stress buster. Research even shows that children who garden eat more fruits and veggies. They also score better on science achievement tests, and significantly increase important life skills like self-understanding and the ability to work in groups — all good reasons to get the kids involved!

A well-timed sowing schedule rewards the gardener with a a warmer climate (zone 6+), you can follow my first sowing and transplant dates.

Planting Chart Cheat Sheets

To get the most out of your vegetable garden, you need to do a little planning. Knowing when to start your seeds and transplant them outdoors will help to maximize your harvest. There are no hard rules for this, it is dependent on the climate for your particular area, as well as the weather at the time. These charts were created as a guideline, a starting point if you will. You should adjust the planting dates relative to your particular area, and the specific variety of vegetables going into your garden. See the chart below to view the average dates of first and last freeze low temperature reaches 32 degrees Fahrenheit for each zone. The reports from the NCDC provide summarized data for many cities across your state, and will provide data much more specific to your particular area. Each vegetable has a variety of types, each one with a slightly different growing season, and length. In general, the information listed on your seed packets will be more accurate and should be followed if there is any discrepancy. The chart below is intended to assist in scheduling garden events, as well as selecting complimentary garden vegetables for growing in your garden.

Cool vegetables

Determining the right time to start seeds and to plant outdoors is essential, which is why following a month-by-month to-do list can mean the difference between a happy harvest and a heartbreaking one. The timeline featured here is roughly based on the timing for Zone 8. The best way to determine the exact timing for your garden is to ask the county cooperative extension in your area for a localized calendar. Contact info is available at extension. Now, get growing!

With a little planning, you can harvest fresh vegetables from your own backyard most of the year. Vegetables can be grown outside in most parts of the Carolinas from late winter through late fall.

Zone 6 Planting Calendar Recipes

If you're doing multiple plantings of a seasonal crop, such as greens or beets, then use the same quantity for each sowing. Use this handy chart as a guideline when planning how many vegetables to plant, but feel free to adjust to your preferences! In general, multiply the number of plants per person by 3 or 4 for a family-sized planting. Keeping a garden journal from year to year will help you track which crops you had more or less than needed so you can better plan for future growing seasons. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work in the garden. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality.

Zone 6 - Monthly Garden Calendar: Chores and Planting Guide

McLaurin Retired , Darbie M. Chance, Extension Horticulturists. You can plant or harvest something from your garden almost all year. The two major planting periods, however, are spring March to May and fall mid-July to September. The spring plantings are harvested in June and July, while the fall plantings are harvested from October to December.January and February are prime times for looking at seed catalogs, dreaming of warm spring days, preparing garden plots, and getting ready for a productive season. Important Note: The monthly recommendations — especially the spring and fall planting dates — are for the typical day and month in middle Georgia. To use this calendar, consider middle Georgia as a belt across the state from Columbus through Macon to Augusta.

Planning a new or larger vegetable garden this year? Use this chart to help plan when to sow seeds or set out seedlings. COOL WEATHER CROPS. The vegetables in.

Summer succession planting basics: What to plant in July and August

Have you ever wondered if you could grow juicy strawberries if your last frost is in June? Or maybe some tasty melons in Texas? With so many plant varieties and so many different climates, it can be a challenge knowing what plants will grow in your garden. Here is some great information that will help you figure out what plants can grow where you live or if a plant you want to grow can survive

Vegetables and Herbs to Plant in July

Print Friendly PDF. This publication provides general information for growing vegetables in home gardens in New Mexico. Circular B includes a map showing New Mexico growing zones, as well as a table providing crop variety recommendations, recommended planting dates, days to harvest, planting instructions, and yield information. A well-planned vegetable garden can provide nutritious, high-quality, fresh vegetables for the whole family. A ft by ft garden will provide enough growing area for an average family.

When to plant. How early you can plant depends on the hardiness of the vegetables and the climate in your area.

Zone 6 is characterized by a shorter growing season than its neighbors in Zones 7 and 8.With the last frost date as late as May 1st and the first frost date as early as November 13th, there is not a long window to start crops! The average planting season in Zone 6 is about days. Our Zone 6 planting calendar and growing tips will help increase your success during the short growing season. Growers in this area will depend on starting crops early under protected culture to get the most out of their season. Starting seeds indoors will be key to getting plants up to size in time to plant out.

Use this chart as a guideline for when to plant your vegetables in Santa Clara County. The dates given to transplant seedlings or plant seed directly into the ground are for best results on average in central Santa Clara County. The best times for your garden may vary depending on factors such as your location in the county and any microclimate conditions.



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