Types of fruit trees in zimbabwe



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Clodine Manyozo Home and garden writer It is always a good thing to eat fresh fruits from your own tree at home, unlike buying one at the supermarket. This explains why some people end up making their own small orchards at home and sometimes without the real knowledge of how to maintain the orchards. Mostly, orchards are put at the backyard and sometimes they can be fenced. The obvious reason for having an orchard is home food production, and in some cases as a hobby.

Content:
  • Citrus diseases in Zimbabwe
  • Ethnobotanical knowledge on indigenous fruits in Ohangwena and Oshikoto regions in Northern Namibia
  • Zimbabwe's Tree of the year: The African Baobab
  • Flora of Zimbabwe: Utilities: List of species vernacular names
  • Zimbabwe commercialises its indigenous crops
  • Household tree holdings: A case study in Mutoko communal area, Zimbabwe
  • Harpephyllum caffrum
  • Fruit farmer defies odds, benefits many in Karoi
  • Leave a message of support
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: FRUIT'S TREES NAMES

Citrus diseases in Zimbabwe

Common names: wild plum Eng. SA Tree No: View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus Introduction This is an attractive evergreen tree that is useful as an ornamental garden tree and for attracting birds and butterflies into the garden. It is popularly planted as a street tree in a number of South African towns and cities. With its thick crown and somewhat drooping leaves,the wild plum is a good shade tree in the garden.

The wild plum is a large, evergreen tree that grows up to 15 m tall, and is usually found in riverine forests.The main stem is clean and straight, but the forest form often has supporting buttress roots. The bark is smooth when young, becoming rough, dark grey-brownas it grows older. Branches are curved bowed upwards, with leaves crowded towards the ends, forming a thick crown at the top of the tree. The shiny dark green and glossy leaves are pinnate with sickle-shaped leaflets, and are sometimes interspersed with the odd red leaves.

The whitish green flowers are borne near the ends of the branches with male and female flowers on separate trees, throughout summer November to February. The tasty plum-like fruits first appear green and then turn red when they ripen in autumn; they contain a single seed and are enjoyed by people, mammals and birds. The wild plum may be confused with the Cape ash Ekebergia capensis but is distinguishable by its sickle-shaped leaflets and the leaves that are crowded towards the end of the branches.

This is a popular tree in frost-free areas. The generic name Harpephyllum is of Greek derivation, meaning sickle-like leaves, referring to the shape of the falcate leaflets. The specific name caffrum is derived from its place of origin, Kaffraria, now part of Eastern Cape. This word also means 'indigenous'. Harpephyllum caffrum belongs to the Anacardiaceae mango family , which is the fourth largest tree family in southern Africa, boasting approximately 80 tree species and many shrubs.

Commercially grown members of the family include mango Mangifera indica , cashew nut Anacardium occidentale , and pistachio nut Pistacia vera. Locally, the fruit of wild plum and marula Sclerocarya birrea are well utilized and the latter is well commercialized. Some species that belong to this family are considered to be toxic, for example the rainbow leaf Smodingium argutum.

Larvae of the common hairtail butterfly Anthene definite and the Eggar moth Lasiocampa kollikerii feed on leaves of this tree.Many animals including bushbabies, monkeys, baboons and bushbuck love the fruit of the wild plum. Birds such as Cape parrots, mousebirds, barbets, bulbuls, louries and African green pigeons and other fruit-eating birds feed on the fruits of this tree.

The fruit of H. They are commonly used for making jams and jellies. The tree has some potential as a commercial crop, but a preliminary trial planting in the Negev Desert in Israel was reported as disappointing.

The bark is a popular traditional medicine. It is used to treat acne and eczema, and is usually applied in the form of facial saunas and skin washes. It is used by people with 'bad blood' that results in pimples on the face. Powdered burnt bark is used to treat sprains and bone fractures.

Bark is also used for dyeing, and it gives a mauve or pink colour. In some parts of Eastern Cape, root decoctions are traditionally taken for paralysis thought to have been contracted from walking over an area that has been poisoned or polluted through sorcery.

The wood of the H. It polishes well but is not very durable. It has been used as a general purpose timber, for furniture and beams. It is also used for carving curios. Stored seeds should be soaked in water for a day and then be scrubbed with a brush to remove the fleshy part. It must then be sown in trays filled with river sand or a normal potting soil.

They should not be planted too deep as they can easily rot. The seeds take 7 to 11 days to germinate. The wild plum can also be propagated by means of cuttings and truncheons. The truncheons should be dried before planting; they can be left lying in the shade for a day or until all exudate has dried. The hole in which the truncheon is going to be planted should be filled with a layer of river sand to promote root formation and improve drainage.

This also helps to combat fungal diseases. Login to add your Comment Not registered yet? Click here to register.

Harpephyllum caffrum. Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh.Family: Anacardiaceae Common names: wild plum Eng. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus. Introduction This is an attractive evergreen tree that is useful as an ornamental garden tree and for attracting birds and butterflies into the garden. References Coates Palgrave, M.

Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of southern Africa, edn 3. Struik, Cape Town. Grant, R. Jacana, Johannesburg. Hutchings, A. Zulu medicinal plants:an inventory. University of Natal Press: Pietermaritzburg. Schmidt, E. Trees and srubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park.

Van Wyk, B-E. People's plants. A guide to useful plants of southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria. Medicinal plants of South Africa. Venter, F. Making the most of indigenous trees.

Mhlonishwa D. Credits Mhlonishwa D. Edible plant. Medical plant. Useful plant. Feeds honeybees. Horticultural zones. Rate this plant Is this an interesting plant?

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Ethnobotanical knowledge on indigenous fruits in Ohangwena and Oshikoto regions in Northern Namibia

The effects of climate change and expansion of urban areas have been evident at a macro level and has led to the dwindling of most of these fruit trees. I took photos of as many of the fruits as possible and also added a few more which I got over the past two years. I have tried to get the fruits straight from the tree so they are as fresh as possible. I would like to thank Evelyn Roe for providing the English and Latin names for the fruits. Whenever I come to Zimbabwe I always look forward to getting my fix of indigenous fruits. Some are also known by different names in the different regions of the country.If you have any additional info including descriptions of the fruits, taste, seasons, eating instructions etc please feel free to send them through.

They could further improve (for their purposes) such a species by collecting seed from superior plants. Like begat like. However, when these.

Zimbabwe's Tree of the year: The African Baobab

Abiodun Olusola Omotayo does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Indigenous fruits have been collected from the wild for centuries for human consumption and other purposes. Across the African continent, indigenous fruit trees are valuable assets for local communities. But the natural habitats of trees are being lost, mainly to widespread deforestation resulting from population growth. Industrial agriculture is also contributing to their loss. Indigenous fruit trees provide vital nutrients that may be scarce in other food sources. They are naturally adapted to local soils and climates, can enhance food and nutrition security and often adapt and survive environmental stresses better than exotic species. My colleague and I reviewed information on 10 fruit trees indigenous to Africa that are considered to be underused. We assessed their occurrence, distribution, nutritional components and medicinal potential. We also explored their challenges and prospects.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Utilities: List of species vernacular names

As a child, I rarely spent weekends at home but rather in woodlands, by grazing pastures, playing games or swimming and gliding in Rusape river. I longed for moments when after all this, we would go to pick wild fruits from the nearby bushes. These fruits were readily available, fresh and succulent during their respective seasons. We never had to go far to get a taste of these treats.

THE Forestry Commission is on course in its bid to ramp up fruit tree production which has been on the decline. Some Chegutu farms, which used to produce oranges, no longer deliver fruits to the market while the remainder producing poor quality fruits.

Zimbabwe commercialises its indigenous crops

Achieved about 30 success in the same species in zimbabwe. This is a list of southern african trees shrubs suffrutices geoxyles and lianes and is intended to cover angola botswana lesotho malawi mozambique namibia south africa swaziland zambia and zimbabwe. Indigenous fruit trees in zimbabwe. Objective the objective of this study was therefore to develop vegetative propagltion methods for indigenous fruit trees. The notion of indigenous is of necessity a blurred concept and is clearly a function of both time and political boundaries.

Household tree holdings: A case study in Mutoko communal area, Zimbabwe

Common names: wild plum Eng. SA Tree No: View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus Introduction This is an attractive evergreen tree that is useful as an ornamental garden tree and for attracting birds and butterflies into the garden. It is popularly planted as a street tree in a number of South African towns and cities. With its thick crown and somewhat drooping leaves,the wild plum is a good shade tree in the garden. The wild plum is a large, evergreen tree that grows up to 15 m tall, and is usually found in riverine forests. The main stem is clean and straight, but the forest form often has supporting buttress roots.

nov., a small tree endemic to the forests of the southern foothills of the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe, is described and.

Harpephyllum caffrum

This is delightful countryside fringing on the Christon Bank hills. There is some woodland, a stream with riverine vegetation, a dam and a roof to shelter under should it rain. No bus arranged on this occasion so just arrange lifts etc.Saturday, 23rd January: Join Meg Coates Palgrave for a most informative, yet relaxing walk in the Mukuvisi woodlands which, from being parched and burnt out so recently will be looking lush and green following the rains.

Fruit farmer defies odds, benefits many in Karoi

Uapaca kirkiana , the sugar plum or mahobohobo , is a species of dioecious plant in the family Phyllanthaceae. It is native to the southern Afrotropics , where it occurs in well-watered miombo woodlands. Within range it is one of the most popular wild fruits. It is rarely cultivated but trees are left when land is being cleared. Still a traditional food plant in Africa , this little-known fruit has the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security , foster rural development and support sustainable land care. In Shona , the fruit are referred to as mazhanje , and in Chichewa masuku.

Citrus trees are prone to numerous pre-harvest and post-harvest diseases.

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One of the limitations of Uapaca kirkiana on-farm cultivation is the long juvenile phase to reach a stable fruiting stage. Marcots and grafts have been identified as feasible and reliable propagation methods for precocious fruiting, but the effects of different propagule types on tree growth and fruit yield have not been evaluated. There is limited knowledge on development and growth forms for trees derived from different propagules.



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