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In terms of surface hardness, the PVC flooring material is somewhere between stone and rug, which makes it perfect for anyone looking for something in between. And even though it's much easier to install a PVC flooring than wood or ceramic plates, you still need to be precise and take your time getting it right. This way, the outcome will look nicer, and it will also last longer. So make sure that you measure it right as there are only so many times that you can cut it.
Using the right tools is crucial for getting a good and permanent result. You definitely have to use a sharp knife to cut the vinyl. I recommend checking the sharpness now and then since the material can wear it out quite fast. If you are installing it to a bathroom, then you should always avoid having joints. If you can't avoid that, then you should always fill the joints with a filler. These are usually added with a hot air gun that melts the filler into the joints and fills them up.
An uneven base floor can be evened out with a special mixture or construction plates that are designed for building floors.
To begin installing the flooring, you first need to make sure that the base is clean, even, dry, and strong.
Installing a PVC flooring doesn't necessarily mean that you need to remove the old floor cover. If the old floor is made out of a strong material and it's even, then you can most probably keep it. An old floor can be an excellent base. The PVC sheets are quite thin, which is why uneven spots are noticeable. It's not rare that you need to fix the base floor first.
Cracks and hollow spots have to be filled with filling mixture. Parts that are higher should be ground.
If you have an uneven wood floor, then you can use plywood sheets to cover it. These are attached with screws and then covered with a base paint. This avoids the plywood from absorbing the glue. You should also avoid using nails as they can come out when the floor moves. There should also be a 10 mm gap between the base floor and the walls. This is so the base floor doesn't curve upwards when the moisture content changes.
An uneven concrete floor can be evened out with filling mixture or by grinding. With a filling mixture, you should most definitely wait before it hardens and the moisture content matches with the room. I recommend covering a concrete floor with a steam proof construction film.
If you want to remove an old PVC flooring, then that's usually quite simple. Sometimes an old vinyl cover can be just laid out on the floor. But if it's been glued, then you can just make random cuts and rip it off. After that, you have to remove the old glue. You can use a filling scraper and a hot air gun for that.
The PVC flooring material doesn't stretch, which is why it's incredibly important to cut it right. Wrong cuts are later on hard, if not impossible, to fix. I recommend creating a sketch layout of the room. This way you can plan everything, including where the joints will be. It's recommended to plan joints in locations where they aren't very visible. Some people create a stencil out of old newspapers that they later use to cut the PVC. This is an easy way if the rooms are small.
The great thing about PVC flooring is that it's really easy to clean. It doesn't have any pores, which means that it doesn't collect any dirt. Most stains come off easily with water and washing liquid. You should avoid using chemicals that can damage the material. Such as all kind of acids, etc. that don't react well with plastic.